Water conservation is the act of utilizing water effectively to decrease pointless water use. Water conservation is important because fresh clean water is a limited resource, as well as a costly one. It includes all the policies, strategies and activities to sustainably manage the natural resource of freshwater, to protect the hydrosphere, and to meet the current and future human demand.
Factors such as climate change have increased pressures on natural water resources especially in manufacturing and agricultural irrigation. Numerous nations have already executed strategies focused on water conservation, with much achievement.
The Goals of Water Conservation
- Ensuring the availability of water for future generations where the withdrawal of freshwater from an ecosystem does not exceed its natural replacement rate.
- Energy conservation like water pumping delivery and wastewater treatment facilities consume a significant amount of energy.
- Habitat conservation where minimizing human water use helps to preserve freshwater habitats for local wildlife and migrating waterfowl, but also water quality.
How to Conserve Water?
Life without water cannot be imagined. Water is so much essential that we can survive without food for several days but it’s difficult to survive without water. There are innumerable activities in which we need water like clearing, cooking, toilets, washing etc. Not only the human beings but every species on this planet needs water for its survival. Scarcity of water might put the life of farmers in dangers too. They cannot grow their crops without water. Therefore it’s obvious that not only the human brings rather every species on this planet needs water for its survival. Just because of the importance of water J.F. Kennedy once said that the person who works for the conservation of water should get novel prizes- one for conserving water and the other for creating peace.
It is said that even tiny drops of water helps to make the ocean vast. Therefore saving a drop of water is a step towards saving life on the planet. Keeping in view the importance of water for the survival of life, our organization JANSEVA VIKAS MANDAL has been working for the conservation for water for long and as result has come with some strategies and methods to conserve water. We urge the people to practice the following measure daily for conserving water.
1. Use a bucket for the purpose of cleaning.
2. While watering the plants, use water can.
3. Close the tap while brushing
4. Do not allow the water to run while washing.
5. Before drinking water, take as much water in glass as you need.
6. Try to save rainy water and reuse it.
7. Always look for the leaky pipes and try to fix it as soon as possible.
8. Don’t play with water during the summer time.
9. Don’t keep on bathing long hours
10. Don’t throw bottle with water in it.
Globally, the inequalities between those having access to water living in an urban area or rural areas have decreased but large gaps remain. Eight out of ten people without access to safe drinking water live in rural areas and nearly half of them live in Maharashtra, India. The most deprived are still using untreated surface waters like lakes and rivers. Many of those deprived communities are located in remote hard to reach areas. Therefore, rural water supply will remain a challenge for many national governments and their development partners in the coming decade.
Drinking water quality include unsafe handling and storage at the household: water drawn from safe sources may be contaminated by the time it reaches and is ultimately consumed in households.
In addition to this is the threat of contamination of water sources – both naturally occurring and from pollution. Water contaminated with arsenic and fluoride threaten the health of millions in certain counties; water that has been in contact with human feces is a major cause of disease, including diarrhea, which kills over 800 children a day.
In some areas of the world, the availability of water is scarce. Poor governance, environmental degradation, over-extraction and climate change are further diminishing already scarce freshwater resources. Janseva Vikas Mandal WASH programme supports governments to prepare for and adapt to climate change and using innovative solutions, such as solar power water pumps and rainwater harvesting, to reduce the impact of climate change on children and help protect their future.
JVM’s work on water supply
Improving families’ access to safe, sustainable and affordable drinking water at reasonable distances from their home is a key part of JVM’S efforts.
Increasing equitable access
To increase equitable access to drinking water Janseva vikas mandal works on developing a market and a team of professional low-cost drillers that can provide safe water to poor and marginalized communities. An important task is to find the best and safest source for the water point. Groundwater is increasingly used for water supply and is often relatively easy to access and is less likely to become contaminated than surface water.
But as groundwater is hidden underground . it is often poorly managed or understood. In fact, it is often a fragile resource susceptible to over-extraction and once contaminated difficult to treat. Janseva Vikas Mandal has developed a series of Groundwater Programming Principles to ensure how to best site and develop a new water point.